Basic Instructions & Applications

Some basic guidelines as to the usage of Ultraglow® Phosphorescent Powders:


Basic Guidelines

1. The more glow powder you add to your medium (for instance - clear paint, polyurethane, wax, or whatever you are mixing the powder with), the brighter and longer the glow will be. Any mixture of Europium Ultraglow® phosphorescent powder and a medium (clear paint, wax, etc) will always be a little less brighter than the pure glow powder itself.

2. Always apply over a white, reflective, or very light color surface for best results. Applying over a white surface helps the glow reflect back upward making it appear to glow brighter. Applying the glow material on top of any color other than white will diminish glow.

3. If applying glow material to a dark or black surface, the glow brightness will be greatly reduced.

4. The thicker the layer of material, the brighter and longer the glow will be (up to a point). The maximum brightness and glow duration is what the pure powder will produce by itself with no additives.

5. Do not mix the glow powder with a medium that is water based or high in acidity.

6. Do no not grind the glow powder or try and dissolve it. On a microscopic level, the glow powder works by an energy exchange in its crystalline structure. These crystals are very small and just appear like a fine powder. When they are mixed with a clear medium as we do with our glow paint, the glow powder does not dissolve, it is just suspended in the medium. If you mix the powder with a medium that causes it to break down and dissolve (like water), the glow will be ruined. The same thing will happen if you grind the glow powder. You crush and destroy the crystal matrix and the energy will not be able to transfer between the glow material molecules causing a dramatic drop in glow brightness.

7. The ratio of glow powder to medium depends on your application. For absolute maximum brightness, take a very small quantity of glow powder and add just enough clear paint to it drop by drop so it forms a very thick paste - just enough to stick together. This is the maximum glow you can obtain since it has the minimum amounts of medium. This is usually good for watch hands and gun sights - things you can apply with a thick paint and where you can use maximum amounts of glow powder because the area of application is so small. If you are trying to use as little glow powder as possible to get the most coverage out of your paint, you will have to experiment a bit. Experiment with small quantities - no more than a shot glass full - or about an ounce of clear paint - to prevent from wasting too much. Start with about 10% glow powder to 90% medium (by weight). Apply it and allow to dry and see if it is acceptable. If not bright enough, repeat with a larger amount of glow powder until you obtain an acceptable glow, if you feel it was bright enough and you might be able to get away with using less glow powder, repeat it with 5% powder and 95% medium. In our glow paint, we mix 8 fluid ounces of paint with 2 ounces by weight of glow powder. We feel that is a good balance between glow brightness and material costs.

8. When you have your glow powder & medium mixed to your liking, it is frequently handy to work with a UV light (blacklight) on so you can see your work glowing as you create it.

9. To minimize settling, use a thick (viscous) medium and always stir very well to get the powder into suspension prior to application. Repeat from time to time as you apply the mix.

10. It is a good idea to apply a final clear overcoat to protect the material from humidity. This is optional for indoor use, but is required for outdoor use where the paint would be exposed to rain and adverse weather.

11. Use a plastic or glass container, and a plastic, glass or wooden mixing implement when stirring powder. Although it is a remote possibility, some metal alloys have the possibility of reacting with the glow powder mixture.

What can you do with it?

   You can do practically anything with Europium Ultraglow® powders! It is completely safe for the application in consumer products such as clothing, shoes, caps, watches, novelties, tackle & sporting goods. It has excellent results in the fields of building, decorating, traffic vehicle, military installations, and fire emergency system, and escape route signs. And, of course all your craft mediums! Ultraglow® powders can be mixed with a variety of transport resins & binders including but limited to : acrylic resin, paraffin, PU Resins, amino resins paint caulking, ceramic glaze, nail polish, fabric paint, hair gel, glass, rubber, plastics, ceramics, plastics, enamel, silicone, paints, glue, gels. It is the all-purpose Glow Powder in its truest sense.

Glow in the Dark Gel Candles:

   The powder is an opaque pigment that does not actually dissolve in candle gel, but rather is suspended. Mixing powder with candle gel forms a white opaque looking material. You can not see through it. One method used for this material is to pour a bottom layer of a powder/gel mix with a clear gel over pour. The most success can be obtained with a bottom layer which is about 1/5 to 1/8 the depth of the candle. The powder/gel mixture then provides bottom light which glows through the clear gel. A very clear gel does not reflect the light emitted by the Glow Powder and will be seen as suspended in mid air - so make lots of bubbles when you pour clear over it!
We recommend that you make a base stock of Candle Gel mixed with Glow Powder. A starting point is to make a 5% stock. 5 parts of Glow Powder mixed with 95 parts of melted Gel.
1/4 level teaspoon powder 8 fluid ounces with Candle Gel (or 5 grams of Glow Powder with 95 grams of Candle Gel). The mix is not critical Variations of this mix can be used depending on the effects you want to achieve. Get the temperature of the gel in the 200-210 F range. Fragrance Gel is done at much lower temperatures (140F). Add the powder and mix well - the powder will tend to settle. Make sure that all the material is dispersed well in the solution and none remains on the bottom. Always mix well just before you pour. This stock solution can be reheated. Try to keep the same container for your stock solution and reheat and add your new material to it.


Glow Embeds:

   Pour your gel/powder mix into a pan. Let cool & using cookie cutters, cut out pieces, or pour gel into molds. Stick the "glowing" gel pieces to the sides of candle dish, then pour clear gel over. They will appear suspended within gel.

Paraffin Candles:

   Make or purchase a paraffin candle. Melt candle wax, and following usage amount, add glow powder. Make sure you mix well before dipping candles, because powder will settle. Dip your candles in 2 or 3 times, drying between each dip. You only need to do this for the last layers of wax to save on cost.


Paint:

   Stencil the universe onto your ceiling! You can make stencils by cutting out shapes from paper or cardboard. Apply with a small brush, roller, airbrush, cotton swab or sponge. Kids will have fun helping and everyone will enjoy the magic of turning out the lights once the paint dries.
Paint a mural on your wall, then with the Glow in the Clear Dark paint you make, add in hidden pictures that will only show when room is dark!


Fishing Lures and Rod Tips:

   Glow powder is used in a wide range of applications like production of glow in the dark lures. Simply add a small amount of glow pigment to your clear and stir.


Identification Markings:

   Use glow powder to mark items to protect from theft (example: tools). Then use a black light to show your identification mark!


Plastics:

   Europium Ultraglow® powders can be incorporated into almost all plastic resins. But it is highly recommended to avoid any colorful plastics that can block the glow of photoluminescence pigment. In other words, the more transparent plastics you use, the brighter glow you will get. Europium
Ultraglow® phosphorescent powder may be mixed with PE, PP, ABS, PVC etc.. Can be extruded, cast, dipped, coated injected and blown molded.

Nail Enhancements:

   Add powder to your existing acrylic powder or gel until desired glow is reached. Powder will not affect adhesion of product to nail bed. It may be mixed in advance. For a more temporary effect add glow powder to a clear top coat or UV coat, and paint nails. It can be added to color polish,. but glow will be diminished due to polish color masking the glow.


Silk Screening:

   In order to get a better luminosity effect of the printed patterns: use silk screen of below 200 meshes for screen printing. The reason is that the layer of the printing ink will be thicker and will obtain better a luminous effect by using silk screen of a lower mesh number. The ideal screen is of 80-120 meshes.
To heighten the lightness and prolong the luminous period of the printed pattern, place lining in white color under the layer of printing ink, or, print directly onto the white color base material
To get the ideal lightness of the luminous printed patterns, the minimum thickness of the layer of printing ink should not be less than 100um (micron). When the thickness ranges between 130 to 150 um, the lightness will be the greatest. (To achieve this, print the ink twice on 80 mesh silk screen.)


Charging Times:

   Recharge simply by exposing it to any bright light source.
Sun Light - 5 minutes, UV light (black light) - 5-10 minutes, Room light - 20-30 minutes.
Shorter exposure times will work, but the times listed here will produce them maximum glow duration & brightness. Any charging time over 30 minutes does not produce any better results.
Glow Powder responds best to light sources rich in UV rays such as sunlight, black lamps and halogen lamps. Tungsten lamps (incandescent bulbs) take longer to recharge the pigment because their UV output is low. Fluorescent lamps, which are rich in UV, provide a reduced charge time if the glow powder is placed right next to them.


Caution:

   Although Europium
Ultraglow® phosphorescent powder is free from toxic substances, it is recommended to wear a dust mask or other safety devices, when handling these products. Any fine dust of this type may cause irritation of nose, throat, eyes and skin. It is also possible the user may be allergic to the material which could cause a wide variety of reactions. Wash with water when your skin or eyes are exposed to Ultraglow® powders.


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